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The goals of Tanzania’s Development Vision 2025 are in line with United Nation’s Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) and are implemented through the National Strategy for Growth and Reduction of Poverty (NSGRP) or MKUKUTA in Kiswahili. The major goals are to achieve a high-quality livelihood for the people, attain good governance through the rule of law and develop a strong and competitive economy. To monitor the progress in achieving these goals, there is need for timely and accurate data and information at all levels.
Problems especially in rural areas are many and demanding. Social and economic services require sustainable improvement. The high primary school enrolment rates recently attained have to be maintained so as the policy of making sure that all pupils who pass standard seven examinations join form one. The food situation is still precarious; infant and maternal mortality rates continue to be high and unemployment triggers mass migration of youths from rural areas to the already overcrowded urban centres.
The District Profiles cover a wide range of statistics and information on geography, population, social-economic parameters, social services, economic infrastructure and the productive sector. Such data have proved vital to many policy makers, planners, researchers, donors and functional managers.
The Nzega District Socio Economic Profile has taken advantages of the experience gained in the production of the Regional Socio Economic Profiles covering the whole country. Constructive views and criticisms are still invited from readers to enable such a profile become a better tool in implementation of the country’s policies at the district level.